How Human Brain ‘Memory’ Works
Memory is one critical function of the brain and it facilitates learning by storing information which could be later retrieved when needed. We need memory in order to remember what we learn through seeing, reading or taught. It is the brain which functions in a manner to enable use have a vivid memory of whatever we go through or learn in our daily activities.
Memory functioning of the brain can be categorized into three groups which include;
This is also called working memory and is located at the frontal lobe of the brain which is at the forehead part of the brain. It’s main role is to temporary store and process information which is used when carrying cognitive tasks such as thinking, reasoning learning and understanding.
Eventually the information from these cognitive functions can be processed, stored or retrieved by the short-term memory. Therefore this memory is critical in reading and other forms of learning whereby we need to remember the content involved for future use.
From the word episode, this memory is more concerned with the memory of events as well as semantic memory. At times it’s also referred to a declarative memory.
A single memory of event or semantic memory is usually processed in three different regions in the brain. They are…
The hippocampus is responsible for processing memory about the context of an event. All what happens and the fine details about an event e.g. a wedding or a football match are processed here.
The anterior cingulated cortex is responsible for storing and processing any unpleasant and bad memories about an event e.g. memories about a fatal accident or a funeral.
The amygdale is responsible for binding both memories together so that there can be a good sequence of events and helps in initiating the storage of both the contextual data of an event as well as the unpleasant information.
This type of memory is located in the cerebellum region of the brain and is responsible for storing, processing and retrieving information about the activities that human carry on routinely hence also called routine-based memory. These activities includes; driving, paddling, ironing etc.
This memory is also responsible for other activities such as language dialect and skills such as forming correct sentences and other ‘how-to’ activities.